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jackline: A temporary taut line stretching the length of the deck to which a seaman may attach himself and walk along the deck safely in rough weather



jib: A triangular sail at the front of a vessel (see sails and rigging)



jib sheet: A line leading from the corner of a sail used to control the angle of the sail to the wind



keel: The central longitudinal structural member of a ship (from bow to stern) to which all the frames are attached  



ketch: A two-masted fore-and-aft rigged vessel with the mizzen mast mounted in front of the rudder



knot: A measure of speed equal to one nautical mile (6076 feet) per hour

hand / deckhand: A seaman. An ordinary seaman who performs routine labour on board ship



Hanukkah: A Jewish December festival marked by the successive kindling of eight lights



hawser: Large rope used for mooring or towing a vessel



hogshead: Wooden cask for shipping liquid, measuring a total of 64 gallons (a barrel measures 32 gallons)



hull: The main body of a vessel  



iron: cannon ball

glossary H-K

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